Puerto Rico: Geography

Gatekeeper of the Caribbean Sea

Puerto Rico Geography

The island of Puerto Rico is the smallest and easternmost island of the Great Antilles with a coastline stretching 700km off the Caribbean Sea, and an area covering 3515square miles. The tallest mountain is in the center of the island, Cerro de Punta, which is 4,389 feet high, while the longest river flowing through the country is Grande de Arecibo, which flows to the northern coast. Other rivers include La Plata, Cibuco, Loíza and Bayamón all draining to the north, and the Grande de Añasco, draining to the west. The terrain of the country is made up mostly of mountains with a coastal plain belt in north, mountains precipitous to sea on the west coast and sandy beaches along most coastal areas.