Goa: History

Mayhem in Paradise

Goa History

According to Hindu mythology, Lord Parshuram, an incarnation of God Vishnu, created Goa, which apparently magically appeared after Vishnu fired his arrow into Goa’s sands. The original name of Goa was actually Konkan and the people were Konkani and so was the language. Goa’s known history dates back to the 3rd century BC when it was part of the Mauryan Empire, although over the centuries there have been many rulers of Goa – The Rashtrakutas, Kadambas, Silaharas, Chalukyas, Bahamani Muslims and famously the Portuguese.

In 1510 the Portuguese defeated the ruling Bijapur kings and encouraged the spread of Christianity. After India gained independence from the British in 1947, the Portuguese refused to transfer sovereignty of their Indian enclaves. Goa was eventually liberated by the Indian Army from Portuguese rulers on 19th December 1961. Goa became a Union Territory along with the enclaves of Daman and Diu. On 30th May 1987, Goa received statehood and became the 25th state of the Indian Republic. Today Goa boasts a profound historical legacy and the fruitfulness of its past is clearly part of its beauty.